DROPBOX 5 - 1 What was the Hundred Flowers Campaign and how...

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1. What was the Hundred Flowers Campaign and how did it affect China at the time? The Hundred Flowers Campaign was a movement that encouraged the people to speak openly and give their opinions about the communist party and its policies. This campaign was received well by the public and there was a lot of feedback given. However, the leaders of the communist party as well as Mao began to feel attacked. They felt “like punching bags.” Mao was pressured by the committee and reversed the campaign. He called anyone that had spoken out rightists and then created an anti-rightist movement. Nearly one million “rightists” were imprisoned and the intellectuals were done away with. Creative thought and free thinking were not accepted. 2. What were the results of the Great Leap Forward ? Why was it such a disaster? The great Leap Forward was created with a goal to make China as industrious as the western nations, however the results were disastrous. Mao’s strategy involved strengthening collectivization in agriculture while increasing the output of many items such as steel. The commune was formed, destroying the private family way of life. Many Chinese worked day and night. Everyone was very enthusiastic. Villages created makeshift steel furnaces and melted what they could into steel. However, it was terrible very low quality steel. Peasants that farmed lied about their grain production in order to look good for Mao. The state took their grain based on these false numbers. No one wanted to say anything against Mao is fear of being called a rightist.

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