MSIS TEST FILE-5 - Appendix A Hardware and Software Basics Key 1(p A5 Volatility is a protected memory space created by the CPU allowing the computer to

MSIS TEST FILE-5 - Appendix A Hardware and Software Basics...

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Unformatted text preview: Appendix A Hardware and Software Basics Key 1. (p. A5) Volatility is a protected memory space created by the CPU allowing the computer to create virtual machines. FALSE Virtualization is a protected memory space created by the CPU allowing the computer to create virtual machines. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #1 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 2. (p. A3) Complex instruction set computer chips limit the number of instructions the CPU can execute to increase processing speed. FALSE Reduced instruction set computer (RISC) chips limit the number of instructions the CPU can execute to increase processing speed. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #2 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 3. (p. A2) A computer is an electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory that can accept, manipulate, and store data. TRUE A computer is an electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory that can accept, manipulate, and store data. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #3 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 4. (p. A2) The central processing unit (CPU) (or microprocessor ) is the actual hardware that interprets and executes the program (software) instructions and coordinates how all the other hardware devices work together. TRUE The central processing unit (CPU) (or microprocessor ) is the actual hardware that interprets and executes the program (software) instructions and coordinates how all the other hardware devices work together. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #4 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 5. (p. A3) The arithmetic-logic unit includes instructions and literally tells the other hardware devices what to do, based on the software instructions. FALSE The control unit interprets software instructions and literally tells the other hardware devices what to do, based on the software instructions. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #5 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 6. (p. A3) The control unit performs all arithmetic operations (for example, addition and subtraction) and all logic operations. FALSE The arithmetic-logic unit (ALU) performs all arithmetic operations (for example, addition and subtraction) and all logic operations. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #6 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 7. Gigahertz is the number of millions of CPU cycles per second. (p. A3) FALSE Megahertz (MHz) is the number of millions of CPU cycles per second. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #7 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 8. Megahertz is the number of billions of CPU cycles per second. (p. A3) FALSE Gigahertz (GHz) is the number of billions of CPU cycles per second. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #8 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 9. (p. A3) Complex instruction set computer (CISC) chip, is a type of CPU that can recognize as many as 100 or more instructions, enough to carry out most computations directly. TRUE Complex instruction set computer (CISC) chips, which is a type of CPU that can recognize as many as 100 or more instructions, enough to carry out most computations directly. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #9 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 10. (p. A3) Complex instruction set computer chips limit the number of instructions the CPU can execute to increase processing speed. FALSE Reduced instruction set computer (RISC) chips limit the number of instructions the CPU can execute to increase processing speed. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #10 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 11. (p. A3) Primary storage is the computer's main memory, which consists of the random access memory (RAM), cache memory, and read-only memory (ROM) that is directly accessible to the CPU. TRUE Primary storage is the computer's main memory, which consists of the random access memory (RAM), cache memory, and read-only memory (ROM) that is directly accessible to the CPU. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #11 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 12. (p. A3) Random access memory (RAM) is the computer's primary working memory, in which program instructions and data are stored so that they can be accessed directly by the CPU via the processor's high-speed external data bus. TRUE Random access memory (RAM) is the computer's primary working memory, in which program instructions and data are stored so that they can be accessed directly by the CPU via the processor's high-speed external data bus. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #12 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 13. (p. A3) Volatility refers to a device's ability to function with or without power. RAM is volatile, meaning it must have constant power to function; its contents are lost when the computer's electric supply fails. TRUE Volatility refers to a device's ability to function with or without power. RAM is volatile, meaning it must have constant power to function; its contents are lost when the computer's electric supply fails. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #13 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 14. (p. A3) Cache memory is a small unit of ultra-fast memory that is used to store recently accessed or frequently accessed data so that the CPU does not have to retrieve this data from slower memory circuits such as RAM. TRUE Cache memory is a small unit of ultra-fast memory that is used to store recently accessed or frequently accessed data so that the CPU does not have to retrieve this data from slower memory circuits such as RAM. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #14 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 15. (p. A3) Random access memory is the portion of a computer's primary storage that does not lose its contents when one switches off the power. FALSE Read-only memory (ROM) is the portion of a computer's primary storage that does not lose its contents when one switches off the power. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #15 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 16. (p. A3) ROM is nonvolatile, meaning it does not require constant power to function. ROM contains essential system programs that neither the user nor the computer can erase. Since the computer's internal memory is blank during start-up, the computer cannot perform any functions unless given start-up instructions. TRUE ROM is nonvolatile, meaning it does not require constant power to function. ROM contains essential system programs that neither the user nor the computer can erase. Since the computer's internal memory is blank during start-up, the computer cannot perform any functions unless given start-up instructions. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #16 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 17. (p. A3) Flash memory is a special type of rewritable read-only memory (ROM) that is compact and portable. TRUE Flash memory is a special type of rewritable read-only memory (ROM) that is compact and portable. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #17 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 18. (p. A3) Memory cards contain high-capacity storage that holds data such as captured images, music, or text files. TRUE Memory cards contain high-capacity storage that holds data such as captured images, music, or text files. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #18 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 19. (p. A3) Memory sticks provide nonvolatile memory for a range of portable devices including computers, digital cameras, MP3 players, and PDAs. TRUE Memory sticks provide nonvolatile memory for a range of portable devices including computers, digital cameras, MP3 players, and PDAs. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #19 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 20. (p. A3) Secondary storage consists of equipment designed to store large volumes of data for long-term storage. TRUE Secondary storage consists of equipment designed to store large volumes of data for long-term storage. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #20 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 21. A megabyte (MB or M or Meg) is roughly 1 million bytes. (p. A3) TRUE A megabyte (MB or M or Meg) is roughly 1 million bytes. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #21 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 22. (p. A3) Magnetic medium is a secondary storage medium that uses magnetic techniques to store and retrieve data on disks or tapes coated with magnetically sensitive materials. TRUE Magnetic medium is a secondary storage medium that uses magnetic techniques to store and retrieve data on disks or tapes coated with magnetically sensitive materials. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #22 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 23. (p. A3) Memory stick is an older secondary storage medium that uses a strip of thin plastic coated with a magnetically sensitive recording medium. FALSE Magnetic tape is an older secondary storage medium that uses a strip of thin plastic coated with a magnetically sensitive recording medium. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #23 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 24. (p. A3) A hard drive is a secondary storage medium that uses several rigid disks coated with a magnetically sensitive material and housed together with the recording heads in a hermetically sealed mechanism. TRUE A hard drive is a secondary storage medium that uses several rigid disks coated with a magnetically sensitive material and housed together with the recording heads in a hermetically sealed mechanism. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #24 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 25. An input device is equipment used to capture information and commands. (p. A3) TRUE An input device is equipment used to capture information and commands. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #25 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 26. (p. A3) Adaptive computer devices are input devices designed for special applications for use by people with different types of special needs. TRUE Adaptive computer devices are input devices designed for special applications for use by people with different types of special needs. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #26 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 27. (p. A3) An input device is equipment used to see, hear, or otherwise accept the results of information processing requests. FALSE An output device is equipment used to see, hear, or otherwise accept the results of information processing requests. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #27 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.1 Topic: Six major categories of hardware 28. (p. A11) A tablet is a pen-based computer that provides the screen capabilities of a PDA with the functional capabilities of a laptop or desktop computer. TRUE A tablet is a pen-based computer that provides the screen capabilities of a PDA with the functional capabilities of a laptop or desktop computer. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #28 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 29. (p. A11) An appliance is a computer dedicated to a single function, such as a calculator or computer game. TRUE An appliance is a computer dedicated to a single function, such as a calculator or computer game. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #29 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 30. (p. A11) A desktop computer is an electronic book that can be read on a computer or special reading device. Some are small enough to carry around, while others are the size of a telephone booth. FALSE An ebook is an electronic book that can be read on a computer or special reading device. Some are small enough to carry around, while others are the size of a telephone booth. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #30 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 31. (p. A11) A workstation is a cellular telephone with a keypad that runs programs, music, photos, email, and includes many features of a PDA. FALSE A smartphone is a cellular telephone with a keypad that runs programs, music, photos, email, and includes many features of a PDA. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #31 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 32. (p. A11) Personal digital assistant (PDA) is a small handheld computer that performs simple tasks such as taking notes, scheduling appointments, and maintaining an address book and a calendar. The PDA screen is touch-sensitive, allowing a user to write directly on the screen, capturing what is written. TRUE Personal digital assistant (PDA) is a small handheld computer that performs simple tasks such as taking notes, scheduling appointments, and maintaining an address book and a calendar. The PDA screen is touch-sensitive, allowing a user to write directly on the screen, capturing what is written. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #32 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 33. (p. A11) A handheld computer is portable enough to fit in a purse or pocket and has its own power source or battery. TRUE A handheld computer is portable enough to fit in a purse or pocket and has its own power source or battery. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #33 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 34. (p. A11) A desktop computer is portable enough to fit on a lap or in a bag and has its own power source or battery. FALSE A laptop computer is portable enough to fit on a lap or in a bag and has its own power source or battery. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #34 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 35. (p. A11) A tablet computer has a flat screen that uses a mouse or fingertip for input instead of a keyboard. Similar to PDAs, tablet PCs use a writing pen or stylus to write notes on the screen and touch the screen to perform functions such as clicking on a link while visiting a website. TRUE A tablet computer has a flat screen that uses a mouse or fingertip for input instead of a keyboard. Similar to PDAs, tablet PCs use a writing pen or stylus to write notes on the screen and touch the screen to perform functions such as clicking on a link while visiting a website. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #35 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 36. (p. A11) A personal computer is a computer that is operated by a single user who can customize the functions to match personal preferences. TRUE A personal computer is a computer that is operated by a single user who can customize the functions to match personal preferences. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #36 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 37. (p. A11) A desktop computer sits on, next to, or under a user's desk and is too large to carry around. The computer box is where the CPU, RAM, and storage devices are held with a monitor on top, or a vertical system box (called a tower) usually placed on the floor within a work area. TRUE A desktop computer sits on, next to, or under a user's desk and is too large to carry around. The computer box is where the CPU, RAM, and storage devices are held with a monitor on top, or a vertical system box (called a tower) usually placed on the floor within a work area. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #37 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 38. (p. A11) A workstation computer is similar to a desktop but has more powerful mathematical and graphics processing capabilities and can perform more complicated tasks in less time. TRUE A desktop computer sits on, next to, or under a user's desk and is too large to carry around. The computer box is where the CPU, RAM, and storage devices are held with a monitor on top, or a vertical system box (called a tower) usually placed on the floor within a work area. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #38 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 39. (p. A11) A minicomputer is designed to meet the computing needs of several people simultaneously in a small to medium-size business environment. TRUE A minicomputer is designed to meet the computing needs of several people simultaneously in a small to medium-size business environment. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #39 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 40. (p. A11) A common type of minicomputer is a server and is used for managing internal company applications, networks, and websites. TRUE A common type of minicomputer is a server and is used for managing internal company applications, networks, and websites. AACSB: Reflective Thinking AACSB: Technology Baltzan - Appendix A... #40 Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Outcome: A.2 Topic: Computer Categories 41. (p. A11) A mainframe computer is designed to meet the computing needs of hundreds of people in a large business environment. Mainframe computers are a step up in size, power, capability, and cost from minicomputers. TRUE A mainframe computer is designed to meet the computing needs of hundreds of people in a large business environment. Mainframe computers are a step up in size, power, ca...
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  • Spring '07
  • Dr.Anderson
  • Government, The Land, Personal computer, AACSB, Reflective thinking

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