Chapter 7 -soc - Chapter 7 Deviance and Crime Deviance Any...

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Chapter 7 – Deviance and Crime Deviance Any behavior, belief, or, condition that violates social norms in the society  or group in which it occurs o Behavioral defiance- do something that violates norms o Defiance of belief- belief system that goes against larger society  o Defiance of condition- physical condition that makes you different  (anybody that is not white male) Why is deviance functional? Defiance serves three functions: 1. defiance clarifies rules – tells us what behavior is deviant 2. defiance unites a group – unite in opposition to deviance o CRITICISM: when there is more crime people tend to retreat  rather than unite 3. defiance promotes social change – example: Rosa Parks Strain Theory : (Functionalist)
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Table 7-1, p. 211 Symbolic Interactionist Perspectives Differential association Theory  – Evans Sutherland o People have a greater tendency to deviate from societal norms  when they frequently associate with individuals who are more  favorable towards deviance o They teach you techniques, motives, drives, and rationalization o More likely to be deviant when with people who believe obedience  is okay Differential Reinforcement Theory  – Akers  o
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