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NSG6002_w4a2_Hill_D - Running Head INTERVENTION SCREENING...

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Running Head: INTERVENTION: SCREENING FOR DEPRESSION IN ADULTS Intervention: Screening for Depression in Adults Darci Hill Advance Nursing Practice II South University Dr. Anderson November 4, 2016 1
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INTERVENTION: SCREENING FOR DEPRESSION IN ADULTS An Intervention for Screening for Depression in Adults The Health People 2020 initiative recommends screening adults for depression in primary care settings, but makes no suggestions regarding how providers are to accomplish this important health promotion activity[Off14]. This creates frustration among providers who have concerns regarding what tools to use and how frequently to use them[Bla13]. In order to address the needs of patient with possible depression presenting to primary care practices, development and implementation of an evidence-based protocol for consistent, timely, and accurate depression screening is a necessary intervention. Current Literature and Recommendations Research suggests that primary care providers without a protocol for depression screening can miss warning signs of depression in their patients almost half the time [Mar13]. Up to 95 percent of patients who are suffering with depression present initially with somatic symptoms, making depression difficulty to differentiate from other medical conditions [Mau12]. Therefore, screening patients consistently and routinely is vital to recognizing and treating depression in primary care. There multiple tools available for care providers to utilize when screening for depression. Two of the most common are the two-question Patients Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2), and the nine-question Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)[Mau12].
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