Chapter 15 -soc

Chapter 15 -soc - Chapter 15 Families and Intimate...

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Chapter 15 – Families and Intimate Relationships Traditional definition of Family A group of people who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption, live together, are an economic unit, and bear and raise children Doesn’t really fit; only fits 1 in 4 households Doesn’t cover common law marriage or gay marriages Step families New definition of Family Relationships, in which people live together with commitment, form an economic unit and care for any young. Consider their identity to be significantly attached to the group Family Structure and Characteristics In pre industrial societies, the primary social organization is through kinship o Kinship - a social network of people based on blood, marriage, or adoption Today’s families are responsible for o Regulating sexual activity o Producing and socializing children o Providing affection and companionship Family of Orientation- is the family into which a person is born and in which early socialization usually takes play o Parents and siblings Family of Procreation- is the family a person forms by having or adopting children o Family you form o Married people who don’t have children still in this category Extended Family- composed of relatives in addition to parents and children who live in the same household Nuclear family- composed of one or two parents and their dependent children, all of whom live apart from other relatives Marriage Legally recognized arrangement between two or more individuals that carried certain rights and obligations
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Monogamy is the only form of marriage sanctioned by law in the United States o Establishes a system of descent so kinship can be determined Polygamy is a marriage that joins three or more people o Polygyny- one man with multiple wives o Polyandry- one woman multiple husbands Patterns of Descent Patrilineal descent- system of tracing descent through the father’s side of the family Matrilineal descent- system of tracing descent through the mother’s side of the family- women may not control property Bilateral descent- system of tracing descent through both the
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Chapter 15 -soc - Chapter 15 Families and Intimate...

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