07 Chapter 7 Notes (Criminal Justice) - CHAPTER 7 COURTS AND THE QUEST FOR JUSTICE After reading this chapter you should be able to 1 Define and

07 Chapter 7 Notes (Criminal Justice) - CHAPTER 7 COURTS...

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1 CHAPTER 7: COURTS AND THE QUEST FOR JUSTICE After reading this chapter, you should be able to: 1.Define and contrast the four functions of the courts. 2.Define jurisdictionand contrast geographic and subject-matter jurisdiction. 3.Explain the difference between trial and appellate courts. 4. Outline the several levels of a typical state court system. 5.Explain briefly how a case is brought to the Supreme Court. 6.Explain the difference between the selection of judges at the state level and at the federal level. 7.List the different names given to public prosecutors and the general powers that they have. 8.Explain why defense attorneys must often defend clients they know to be guilty. 1. Courts of general jurisdiction i. Have no restrictions on the subject matter they may address ii. Deal with the most serious felonies and civil cases 2. Courts of limited jurisdiction i. Known as lower courts ii. Handle misdemeanors and civil matters under a certain amount B. Trial and Appellate Courts i. Courts having original jurisdiction are courts of the first instance, or trial courts a. Almost every case begins in a trial court b. Trial court is where a trial takes place, and the judge imposes a sentence if the defendant is found guilty c. Primarily concerned with questions of fact
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