Midterm study guide

Midterm study guide - Midterm study guide What it is, what...

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Midterm study guide What it is, what it means, where it comes from, connect it to course. Atra-hasis: Main protagonistic character of ancient Mesopotamian legend which Biblical “Noah’s ark” is based upon. Both stories are similar in that the main character, Noah/Atrahasis build an ark to escape a flood, and that the whole story turns the smelling of a sacrifice. It is different in polytheism vs. monotheism, and the biblical compassion of God. There is nothing in Mesopotamian legend to suggest God is compassionate. This is a new story, presented as old. Separates ancient near-Eastern though from western thought. Other possible words: Enki, Enlil, Anu, sacrifice, sacredness, new presented as old Mal’ak/satan: Mal’ak is the Hebrew word for angels. Angellos, in greek, means messenger. Cherubim are like the Egyptian sphinxes, a hybrid being, body of lion, wings of eagle, head of man. They are guardians. Archangels are chief messengers. Seraphim have three pairs of wings. Seva’ot are lords of hosts. Other possible words: Angellos, any of the angels. Satan: The Hebrew word for devil/diablos. Means adversary, nemesis. Used as a common noun until very late chronologically. By new testament, Satan is one character, usually seen in an adversarial relationship with God. Beezelbul (later changed to Beezlebub), means the prince lord (lord of the flies, later). Lucifer means “he who bears light.” Nephilim: To fall, the fallen ones. Other possible words: Lucifer, diablos, Beezlebul, nephilim. Milton makes the serpent into the devil. There is only one example of this in the Bible. Theodicy: Deals with the nature of God. Combines two greek words, theos (God), and dike (righteousness). Three problems: Problem of ignorance of Adam and Eve, who had no moral compass before apple; problem of appropriateness of punishment; problem of efficiency (why hasn’t God restored us sooner?) Three props: There is a god, and he is omnipotent; God is entirely righteous; and Evil is real. The three props together are not reconcilable. There is no problem of theodicy in Atrahasis, because the Gods were dumb and mean. Milton dealt with the problem of theodicy in Paradise Lost, where he attempts to justify the ways of God to his readers. Other possible words: God and righteousness, problems of theodicy Patriach: Patri = father, arche= first God has a relationship with the patriarchs. Designating Abe, Isaac, and Jacob in book of genesis. He makes a series of promises to abe to protect him and bless him. The patriarchs who have covenantal blessing don’t necessarily have it easy. They have to get circumcised, abe’s name gets changed, and he is asked to sacrifice his son. Court History: The story of David is one of the very first pieces of sustained literature in history. Unlike other biblical stories, only has one strand. 2 Sam 9-21, 1 Kings 1-2. Reflects dtr view, and how they viewed kingship. As a general rule the text is laconic
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course BUAD 305 taught by Professor Davila during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Midterm study guide - Midterm study guide What it is, what...

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