SOC test 3 - immigration - SOC test 3 Immigration...

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SOC test 3: Immigration 03/30/2016 ° Immigration: A global phenomenon Can be result of push and pull factors Push Factors – pressure to leave a home country o Economic o Political o Sociocultural o Personal Pull Factors – inducements to come to a host country o Economic o Political o Sociocultural (American way of life) o Personal Chain migration o Refers to an immigrant who sponsors several other immigrants who upon their arrival may sponsor still more o Potent factor contributing to immigration globally o Most important aspect is that the new immigrant anticipates knowing someone that can help in adjustment ° Patterns of Immigration to the United States 3 unmistakable patterns o Number of immigrants has fluctuated dramatically over time due to government policy changes o Settlement has not been uniform across the country but centered in certain regions and cities
o The source of immigrants has changed over time The United states received the largest wave of legal immigrants during the first decade of the 1900s Opinion polls in the US from 1999 to 2012 indicate that the majority are not in favor of more immigration and about half the population wants less ° Today’s foreign-born population In the US, about 13% of the population is foreign born o 2/3 of the total foreign born population reside in six states: California, New York, Texas, Illinois, Florida and New Jersey o Majority of foreign-born are from Latin America (Central America/Mexico) rather than Europe o In 2010, Asian immigration surpassed Latin American immigration for the first time ° Early Immigration In 1970, English immigrants were the dominant group, numerically 60% of the population, socially and politically – dominant America Culture became shaped by White Anglo-Saxon Protestant Values o 35% of all immigrants to the US eventually emigrated back to their home country o Nor all new arrivals were welcome Xenophobia : fear or hatred of strangers Nativism : Beliefs and policies favoring native- born citizens over immigrants The first significant restriction on immigration was the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882 o Outlawed Chinese immigration o Denied naturalization rights o Prohibited the right to vote ° Anti-Chinese Movement For the most part, Chinese immigration began in the 1850s Function of a combination of push and pull factors
o Poverty and over population in China o Sojourn with the intent of returning to China Lured by discovery of gold and opening of job opportunities in the West Chinese immigrants played a vital role in the development of the economy in the West o Mines, agriculture, railroads White settlers found Chinese customs and religion difficult to understand Sinophones – people with a fear of anything associated with China o Fear of “yellow peril” o Bearers of disease o Threat they posed as laborers – used by employers as strike breakers Though many arguments were voiced, racial fears motivated the

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