Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties

Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties - Civil Liberties Chapter 4 I....

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1 Civil Liberties Chapter 4 I. Definitions A. Civil Liberties B. Civil Rights C. Incorporation Doctrine D. 14 th Amendment Due Process Clause- Life, Liberty, or Property E. Exclusionary Rule. Gitlow v. New York . Freedom of the press is among the fundamental personal rights and liberties. F. Strict Scrutiny. Any limitation of a fundamental right will be presumed unconstitutional unless the government demonstrates a real threat to the nation. II. Freedom of Religion. A. Two Provisions: Establishment and Free Exercise. B. Free Exercise is not absolute. 1. Limits a. Peyote, Christian Scientists Children, and Snake Handling. 2. Allows: a. Amish not to send children to high school and sacrifice animals. C. Establishment Clause 1. No State Church. 2. State not sponsor or Favor a Church. 3. De Minimus Argument - Too Small to Matter. 4. Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) Test a. Must have secular purpose. b. Primary effect to neither advance nor inhibit Religion. c. Must not foster excessive government entanglement. 5. Court allows: a. School vouchers, textbooks, bus rides. 6. Not Allowed
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Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties - Civil Liberties Chapter 4 I....

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