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exam 1 - Study Guide exam 1 9:30:00 PM Chapter 1 Psychology...

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Study Guide, exam 1 25/09/2007 20:30:00 Chapter 1 Psychology- scientific study of behavior and mental processes o Behavioral neuroscience- biological basis of behavior o Experimental- processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking  about the world o Cognitive- higher mental processes, thinking, etc. o Developmental- how ppl grow and change o Personality- differences b/w personalities, etc. o Health- psych factors than influence physical disease o Clinical- abnormal behavior o Social- how ppl are affected by others o Cross-cultural- sim/difs b/w cultures Perspectives o Neuroscience- biological functioning nature o Psychodynamic- unconscious motivations nature o Behavioral- observable behavior nurture o Cognitive- how ppl think/understand the world both
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o Humanistic- try to reach full potential Nurture Chapter 2 Scientific method o Theory Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena o Hypothesis Stemmed from theory, stated in a way to be tested o Research Descriptive Archival Naturalistic obs. Survey Casey studies Experimental Need control group (no treatment) Only way to est. cause-and-effect relationships Independent= manipulated Dependent= changed due to ind. (depends) Chapter 3 Neurons
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o Dendrites detect, axons away o Myelin sheath- thickness determines speed of message o Fire when positive ions enter the neuron, changing neg to pos  Action potential moves down axon to terminal button Releases neurotransmitters Carry across synapse gap Fits into specific receptor site
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