history exam 2 study guide

history exam 2 study guide - Exam Two Study Guide (Chapters...

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Exam Two Study Guide (Chapters 6-10) Confucius (what was his philosophy?)-(warring states) find ideal ruler, government focused, Superior>inferior, respect, family Analects- confucius’s teachings written down by hi followers junzi- superior individual who had a role in government service ren, li, xiao- confucius’s three traits: kindness/benevolence, propriety/respect, filial piety/ repect for elder Mencius- principle Confucian scholar, belief ppl could overthrow bad government Daoism (what was central to this philosophy?)- critics of Confucianism, PASSIVISM, rejected active event to bring about change, THE DAO, THE WAY, WATER PATH, less government, influenced the arts Wuwei- attempt to control universe would only end in chaos, simple livin the dao- the way, like water, slow and yielding, but can erode solid rock, important part of pot I on the inside where it can hold things Legalism- emphasis on the development of the state through ruthless rule. Legalist believe the end justifies the means. Basic bad guy dictator shit. No artisan or sholars, only military and ariculture Han Feizi- important legalist philosopher Qin Shihuangdi- introduced legalism, unified and ruled china, outlawed confusianism, terra cotta army, Han Wudi- 54 year long time ruler, no power to nobles, exam to work for government, opened silk road Xiongnu- nomadic ppl of central asia, military conflict with han dynasty, Han science- coin casting, census, celestial lobe seismograph, calendar Jainism- selfless livin concern for all beings, rejected Indian caste sytem Siddhartha Gautama- encountered icknes death and ae, and this upet him, he gave up his comfortable life to be a monk. gave up material possessions mediatated, achieved enlightenment, became buddha The Buddha, Buddhism- turning of the wheel of the law, four noble truths: Suffering and pain, desire cause suffering, nirvana removes suffering, following eight fold path ends
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desires Vardhamana Mahavira- formed janism Ahimsa- developed from janism, respect for all life, vegetarianism Four Noble Truths- Suffering and pain, desire cause suffering, nirvana removes suffering, following eight fold path ends desires Eightfold Path-have the right actions in every degree Nirvana- escaped cycle of reincarnation, Lesser Vehicle- early form of Buddhism, very strict Greater Vehicle- newer form of Buddhism, much more popular less strict Mauryan (Chandragupta)- took control over India during power vacuum after Alexander the great withdrew, first unified Indian empire, centralized bureaucracy, started mauryan dynasty Ashoka- grandson of maurya, expanded empire to include whole Indian subcontinent, converted to Buddhism built many shrines and marker, greatly helped to spread religion, dynasty fell after him Kalinga- part of India that ashoka took over Gupta Empire- formed by Chandra gupta, decentralized leadership, spread of hinduism Minoan civilization- early greek society founded on crete, ruled by elites, navy trade, written language, wine, no fortifications or fear of invasions
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history exam 2 study guide - Exam Two Study Guide (Chapters...

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