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solving_ethics_probs_fillin - Ethical Theories and...

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Ethical Theories and Approaches to Problem Solving ± An Equal Opportunity University
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Outline Safety topic Ethical theories Approaches to ethics
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Understanding Ethical Problems : Provides a framework for reaching solutions to ethical problems Ethical theories – Several commonly accepted (4 considered here) – Differences reflect the diversity of approaches to analyze dilemmas – Same solution often reached regardless of approach &UIJDBM!UIFPSJFT
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Utilitarianism Tries to achieve a balance between the good and bad consequences of an action Tries to maximize the well-being of and emphasizes what will provide the most benefits to the largest group of people This method is fundamental to many types of engineering analysis, including risk-benefit analysis and cost-benefit analysis Drawbacks Sometimes what is best for the community as a whole is bad for certain individuals in the community It is often impossible to know in advance which decision will lead to the most good TPDJFUZ
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Duty Ethics Contends that certain acts (or duties) should be performed because they are . These actions can be listed (e.g. honesty, fairness) This theory concludes that individuals who recognize their ethical duties will choose ethically correct moral actions Drawback: this method does not always lead to a solution which maximizes the public good %SBXCBDL;!3FMJFT!PO!UIF!NPSBMT!PG!POF!FOUJUZ JOIFSFOUMZ!FUIJDBM
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Rights Ethics Everyone has inherent Any act that violates an individual’s
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