Topic 15- Power and Politics

Topic 15- Power and Politics - extraordinary attributes of...

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I. Topic 15- Power and Politics A. Basic Concepts 1. Politics a. The process by which some people and groups acquire power and exercise it over others 2. Powers a. Ways of defining power: i. The ability to exercise one’s will, in spite of resistance. ii. The capacity to control or influence the actions of others, whether they wish to cooperate or not iii. Power is a property of a social relation b. Mechanisms of power i. Rewards ii. Punishments iii. Information iv. The basic mechanism is: Dependency c. The power of B over A is equal to and based upon, the dependence of A upon B. d. A’s dependency is related to: i. A’s desire for goal controlled by B. ii. Alternative routes to goal outside the A-B relation. 3. Types of Legitimation : Authority-Legitimate, institutional, power a. Traditional i. Traditional authority is power legitmated by the sanctity of age-old customs
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b. Charismatic i. Charismatic authority is power legitimated by people’s beliefs in the
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Unformatted text preview: extraordinary attributes of a leader. c. Legal-rational i. Legal-rational authority is power legitimated by explicit rules and procedures of organizations and institutions. 4. The state a. The state is a political institution that has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force. b. But force is not usually needed; the state relies on AUTHORITY B. Perspectives on Political Power 1. Functionalist a. Primary functions of the State are i. Enforcement of norms ii. Planning and direction iii. Management of internal conflict iv. Protection from external threat 2. Elitist a. The state is controlled by a small group of powerful person b. Over time one group of elites replaces another group of elites. 3. Class Conflict a. The state is the administrative arm of the capitalist class. C. Types of Government 1. Democracy 2. Totalitarian 3. Authoritarian...
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Topic 15- Power and Politics - extraordinary attributes of...

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