Exam 2 Review Sheet - Review for Exam 2 Chapter 8 Skills for Communicating Effectively What is the definition of language A socially shared system

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Review for Exam 2 Chapter 8: Skills for Communicating Effectively What is the definition of language? A socially shared system of representation that employs arbitrarily assigned symbols and rule-governed combinations of those symbols. Explain and give examples of the three types of symbols that make up language. Conventional – Arbitrary vehicles of meaning (no logical connection between ‘camel’ and four-legged animal) Iconic – Look/sound like their signifieds (Egyptian Hieroglyphics, pictures representing things they depict) Indexical – Caused by the signified (Smoke [signifier] caused by fire [signified] All 3 – Something makes you happy and you smile. In: Signified (happiness) Signifier (smile). Ic: Smile as a yellow circle with two dots and upturned horizontal curve. C: The five letters in “smile” and their phonetic sounds have been arbitrarily assigned to represent the upward curving of your mouth when you’re happy. Define rhetorical sensitivity. Speaking with politeness, a rhetorically sensitive person understands that people are complex, ideas are often difficult to explain, each situation is unique, and there is no single correct way or doing or saying things What are reasons for using creative, stylistic devices such as metaphor, simile, repetition and hyperbole? They increase a speech’s power and have a lasting impact on the audience Chapter 10, Organizing a Successful Presentation What are the various strategies for organizing an informative presentation? Chronological: Structured in terms of the order in which they occurred in a historical sequence, also used to explain how to do something that occurs in a certain order, used frequently for informative presentations. Spatial: Organized by geographic location or direction, should also follow a logical order, are well-suited for informative speeches (layout of Disneyland). Topical: Breaks down the main topic into subtopics that serve as natural divisions, each subtopic is equally important to the overall goal of the presentation. Problem-Solution: Introduce problem, offer solution(s). Cause-Effect: An action results in a reaction, should only be used in persuasive speaking because you have to be for or against something. What are reasons for using initial and internal previews? Internal and final summaries? You use initial previews to let the audience know what is coming in the body of speech. Internal previews are used in the main body of the speech to indicate what will be covered in the key points. Internal summaries are used during the presentation to summarize what you just said. Final summaries are used as a recap of the main points at the conclusion of the presentation.
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course CMS 306M taught by Professor Gomez during the Fall '06 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Exam 2 Review Sheet - Review for Exam 2 Chapter 8 Skills for Communicating Effectively What is the definition of language A socially shared system

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