Lecture 18 with notes - Lecture 18: Early Christianity in...

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Lecture 18: Early Christianity in its Roman Context I. Christianity and pagan antiquity: the general perspective; the pagan/Christian symbiosis: catacomb paintings , Justin Martyr (2nd cent. A.D.) and the Platonic logos II. Factors contributing to the rise A. unified empire; oikumené B. Greek language; koiné ; Vulgate , St. Jerome (A.D. 348-420) C. St. Paul from Tarsus D. economic crisis and political instability in the 3rd cent. A.D. III The religious atmosphere in the principate 1) no religious wars, but tolerance and syncretism (cf. Pantheon ) 2) the organization of the early church - a parallel universe to the empire: presbyters,deacons, episkopoi , metropolitans, pontifex maximus in Rome 3) Some reasons for persecution A. emperor worship and state cults; Christ vs. Antichrist B. illegal organization C. misunderstandings of doctrine, agapé vs. eros -- Agapé today D. Christian supremacy claims E. economic reasons; Diana of Ephesus ( Acts 19; Course Packet, pp. 155f.). IV . Christian doctrines and Greco-Roman thought
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course CC 302 taught by Professor Galinsky during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Lecture 18 with notes - Lecture 18: Early Christianity in...

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