FinalExaminationStudyGuide[2]

FinalExaminationStudyGuide[2] - Final Examination Study...

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Final Examination Study Guide PREHISTORY Paleolithic Age (Old Stone Age) 1-2, million years ago until 10,000 B.C.E. first era of prehistory and the longest period of human activity. hunting, fishing, and gathering, not producing. Stone and wood tools were used, but were very raw and unfinished Division of labor was along sex lines: Men hunted and were warriors, Women raised the children, gathered berries, wove, and made clothing. => This is significant because with the women’s knowledge of plants and seeds, the Agriculture of the Neolithic revolution was most likely brought about. use of fire was learned and controlled. use of language was acquired There is evidence of religion or belief system being practiced, as evident through cave paintings. Neolithic Age (New Stone Era) the use of stone tools becomes more proficient weaving, pottery for containers, and baskets have been found => store surplus of food. Animals and plants became domesticated, proving a human control of nature. permanent buildings came about Human population began to grow more rapidly than ever before. Neolithic Revolution domestication of animals and plants different places at different times The first civilizations all revolved around major river waterways, for the accessibility of water source and the fertile ground it provides. The main four areas on the European continent include the development in Mesopotamia, with the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, then the Indus river civilization, and next the area of China near the Yellow River. 1
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FIRST CIVILIZATIONS Sumer (3000 B.C.E.) The first urban civilization, found in the Mesopotamia region. Urban community not devoted to only agriculture. Cities were administrative, religious, manufacturing, and commercial centers. Monarchy: The city-states had priest kings who led the army administered the economy, and served as judges and as intermediaries between their people and the gods. The structure was hierarchical. The economy was managed from the center and planned very carefully by the priests and king. system of mathematics, and writing. polytheistic Religion: worshiped gods with human forms usually identified with natural phenomena. Cuneiform Sumer’s way of writing. Wedge shaped images on clay tablets. Used by administrators purpose for way of keeping agricultural records. Also largely used for religious texts for prayers, incantations, curses, and omens. Epic of Gilgamesh first epic poem. written in Cuneiform. Tells the tale of semi-legendary Uruk King Gilgamesh, a god/human being in search of immortality. He searches for the answer to the secret life and searches for humanities fate. Babylonia
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FinalExaminationStudyGuide[2] - Final Examination Study...

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