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IR Exam 1 Review template

IR Exam 1 Review template - IR Exam 1 Review Describe...

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IR Exam 1 Review Describe collective security o The formation of a broad alliance of most major actors in an international system for the purpose of jointly opposing aggression by any actor. Describe neo-liberal institutionalism o An approach that stresses the importance of international in reducing the inherent conflict that realists assume. o International Organizations can be designed to deal with cheaters by exposing or punishing them. Describe the democratic peace theory o Democracies don’t go to war with each other. Describe the collective action (collective goods) problem o The collective goods problem is the problem of how to provide something to a group regardless of what each member contributes to it. Describe groupthink o The tendency for groups to reach decisions without accurately assessing their consequences, because individual members tend to go along with ideas they think others support. Also, nobody feels accountable for their actions because the group diffuses responsibility from individuals. Describe a unitary actor o An actor exercising power can be considered a single entity that can ‘think’ about its actions coherently and make choices. Describe an international regime o A set of rules, norms, and procedures around which the expectations of actors converge in a certain issue area. Describe power o The ability to make another actor do something that they otherwise wouldn’t have done. Describe alliances
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o An alliance is a collation of states that coordinate their actions to accomplish some end. Most are formalized in written treaties, but some are more informal. o Three Kinds of alliances: Defensive Pact: A promises to join B if B finds itself in a war. Neutrality Pact: A promises not to help B’s enemy in the event of war (also known as a non-aggression treaty). Entente: A promises to consult with B in the event of war. Describe a rational actor o An actor who has an ordered list of preferences.
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