Midsemester review - Mid-Semester Review Session Describe the purpose of the UN and how it is organized o An IGO founded after WWII to provide

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Mid-Semester Review Session Describe the purpose of the UN and how it is organized o An IGO founded after WWII to provide collective security to its members. o Creates a global institutional structure where member states can resolve conflict  diplomatically. o General Assembly: UN legislative body… pass resolutions, each country gets an  equal vote. o ECOSOC (Economic and Social Council) – overseen by the general assembly,  contains autonomous agencies (WTO,  IAEA, WHO, IBRD, etc) and development  programs (UNIFEC, etc) o Security Council: 5 great powers (US, UK, China, Russia, France) and 10  rotating member states make decisions about international peace and security.  Example: dispatches peacekeeping forces to troube spots. o UN Secretariat – executive administrative branch. o World Court – Judicial Arm. Explain how human rights NGOs influence states in the international system o NGOs like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch pressure IGOs and  governments to respect human rights o Provide information and support for organizations that support human rights  (such as the UN) o Serve as a bridge between global and regional organizations What is international law? o Rules derived from tradition and agreements between states o Enforcement is much more difficult because the international system is anarchic,  and hinges on reciprocity, collective action, and international norms.
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Mid-Semester Review Session o Four sources of international law are recognized: Treaties, Customs,  General  Principles of Law, (and in the World Court) Legal Scholarship. o
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course PL SC 014 taught by Professor Gartzke during the Spring '99 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Midsemester review - Mid-Semester Review Session Describe the purpose of the UN and how it is organized o An IGO founded after WWII to provide

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