exam 1 studying terms

exam 1 studying terms - Adam Smith Wrote The Wealth of...

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Wrote The Wealth of Nations in 1776 Put forth the concept of the ‘invisible hand’ – everyone acting in their own self interest benefits society overall Laissez-faire – free market capitalism. Rejected mercantilism, stressed the importance of an unhampered market. Also argued for division of labor and manufacturing instead of hoarding wealth. Signified the shift from mercantilism to free trade in Europe. Reformation Early-Mid 16 th Century, religious turmoil Martin Luther challenging dogmas of the Catholic Church (95 Theses against Indulgences) Protestantism split off from Catholicism and translated the bible for laypeople, emphasizing personal knowledge of the bible over reliance on church doctrines. Both sides used the newly invented printing press to spread propaganda against the other side Religious division between Protestantism and Catholicism began to create political conflicts. Some princes/nobles exploited religious strife for political gain English Reformation Solid 150 years of religious civil and interstate war. Henry the Navigator Prince of Portugal, encouraged expansionism When? Especially down the west coast of Africa. More detailed mapmaking techniques, better navigation. Eventually led to the slave trade, colonialism. . Defenestration of Prague Protestants in Bohemia were angry at the Holy Roman Emperor’s attempts to repress their religious freedoms. May 23,1618 - A crowd of angry protestants threw some catholic deputies out of a window in Prague Kicked off the 30 Years War Showed the common peoples’ desire for religious freedom and the attempts of the H.R.E. to keep people under control. Wallenstein’s Army Private army, mercenary fighting for the Holy Roman Emperor. Led an army through Germany for years. More modernized disciplined army. The emperor had him assassinated, fearing his power and influence. Peace of Westphalia 1648, Peace treaties. Treaty of Osnabruck and the Treaty of Munster. France acquired more land and became the prevailing power in Europe. Sweden got territory from the H.R.E. Spanish Hapsburgs had to recognize Dutch Independence Each german prince in the H.R.E. got the right to establish Lutheranism, Catholicism, or Calvinism in his state. Created numerous political divisions in the H.R.E. Settled the distributions of religions in the H.R.E: Lutheranism in the north, Calivinism near the
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course HIST 002 taught by Professor Lodwick,kathleen during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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exam 1 studying terms - Adam Smith Wrote The Wealth of...

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