Study guide for test 2

Study guide for test 2 - WESTERN CIVILIZATION Study Guide...

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WESTERN CIVILIZATION Study Guide for TEST #2 FRENCH REVOLUTION: - Old Regime: The Old Regime was a period of time often considered by many to be representative of a crashed society. Under the Old Regime in France, King Louis XIV was the absolute monarchy. King Louis' reign in France played a significant role in its history and economy. He was a king to all during the most important events of the time, but he was also a financial king to the rich because he created a tax system that only benefited those who were wealthy. During the time of the Old Regime, society was broken down into three orders or classes, known traditionally as estates o Estates General : the King can call it if he wants to like collect tax and the nobles hate it 1 st estate : Clergy- land owners, lots of power 2 nd estate : Nobility- hold public office 3 rd estate : Everyone else Cahiers- “notebooks”-list of grievances the estates put together for the meeting in 1 year. - Louis XVI (16 th ) (1774-1792) Marries Marie Antoinette (German) o She’s not very well liked by the French o She was very into spending money on fashion o People are starving to death, but she has birds in her hair - Tennis Court Oath/ National Assembly The Tennis Court Oath was a pivotal event during the French Revolution . The Oath was a pledge signed by 576 members out of 577 of France 's Third Estate and a few members of the First Estate during a meeting of the Estates-General of 20 June 1789 in a tennis court near the Palace of Versailles . As of 17 June 1789 this group began to call themselves the National Assembly , [1] which became the name of the primary French legislative body. National Assembly: existed from June 17 to July 9 of 1789 , was a transitional body between the Estates-General and the National Constituent Assembly . -Abbe Sieyes/ what is the Third Estate? Published in 1789 The plan of this book is fairly simple. We must ask ourselves three questions. 1. What is the Third State? Everything. 2. What has it been until now in the political order? Nothing. 3. What does it want to be? Something. ... and ends: The Third Estate embraces then all that which belongs to the nation; and all that which is not the Third Estate, cannot be regarded as being of the nation. What is the Third Estate? It is everything. Abbé Sieyès was elected as one of the Third Estate deputies from Paris to the Estates General of 1789. -Storming of the Bastille (JULY 14 th , 1789) In Paris occurred on 14 July 1789 . While the medieval fortress and prison known as the Bastille contained only seven prisoners, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution and it subsequently became an icon of the French Republic
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-Banalities: feudal dues, $ they have to pay to someone else -Declaration of the Rights of man and of the Citizen : Adopted in August 1789 by the National Assembly. The declaration affirmed that “man are born and remain free and equal in rights” that governments must protect these natural rights, and that
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Study guide for test 2 - WESTERN CIVILIZATION Study Guide...

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