Moral and Social Problems study guide test 2

Moral and Social Problems study guide test 2 - Moral and...

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Moral and Social Problems: Study Guide Test #2: Thursday April 3 rd , 2008 ABORTION: Defined: “The murder of an innocent pre-born human being” “The exercise of reproductive choice” “The intentional termination of pregnancy and killing of the zygote, embryo, or fetus.” Stages of fetal development: Conception: beginning of pregnancy-creation of zygote (fertilized ovum) Implantation day 5 or 6- 60 cell cluster connects to maternal uterus Embryonic Stage: 2-8 weeks, cell differentiation into 3 cell types- head trunk, limb buds appear Fetal Stage: week 8- birth basic body structure developed Viability: week 21- possible for fetus to survive out womb Birth Possible criteria for moral standing: Immortal soul Human genetic code Sentience (ability to feel pleasure and pain) Cognition Self-hood Potential personhood Viability Birth Possible Reasons for an abortion: Therapeutic reasons- related to the life and health of the pregnant woman Eugenic reasons- related to fetal abnormality Humanitarian reasons- pregnancies related to incest or rape Socioeconomic reasons- related to poverty, social stigma, family size Personal reasons- related to pregnant woman’s preferences or life plans Abortion, John Paul II Abortion defined: The deliberate and direct killing…of a human being in the initial phase of his or her existence, extending from conception to birth. Abortion is “murder” since it is the intentional killing of a wholly innocent person
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Main argument against abortion: 1. The deliberate killing of an innocent human being is always morally wrong 2. Abortion is the deliberate killing of an innocent human being --------------- Abortion is morally wrong A related argument against abortion: 1. All human beings have a right to life 2. The zygote, embryo, or fetus is a human 3. Therefore the zygote, embryo, or fetus has a right to life 4. Abortion violates the right to life of a zygote, embryo, or fetus -------------- Abortion is morally wrong Some questions: He argues that before a certain point in its development, the fetus if not morally considerable He states “the human being is to be respected and treated as a person [from the moment of conception]” Does the catholic position on abortion respect women as persons? He argues for policies which favor “larger families”. Is such a pro-natalist position wise, in a world with 6.5 billion ppl, many whom live in dire poverty? Abortion, Mary Ann Warren Main argument against abortion: 1. It’s wrong to kill innocent human beings 2. Fetuses are human beings - - - - - - --- It is wrong to kill fetuses Splits into: 1. It is wrong to kill genetic human beings 2. Fetuses are genetic human beings - - - - - - It is wrong to kill fetuses 1. It is wrong to kill people 2. Fetuses are people --------- It is wrong to kill fetuses Criteria of personhood: -consciousness and ability to feel pain -reasoning (including problem solving) -self-motivated activity (not just automatic) -capacity to communicate
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Moral and Social Problems study guide test 2 - Moral and...

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