Philosophy Study Guide Number Three

Philosophy Study Guide Number Three - Philosophy Study...

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This Study guide covers material about Ethics, Utilitarianism, and the Self-Realization theory. (Pgs 107- 120). It also includes background information about the Greeks. ETHICS Our belief in moral values is a part of human wisdom, not of human folly. Dostoevsky’s Notes from Underground Begin by asking what it is we are believing when, for example, we believe that love is “good” and hate is “bad”, or that lying is “wrong” and telling the truth is “right”. Suppose it is true that moral values are real, what is the nature of those values? 2 Theories about the nature of moral value: 1. Teleological a. Teleological theories all assume that moral evaluations are related to purposes or goals, actions are evaluated on the basis of their consequences. i. “telas”- everything in nature has purpose b. They teach that there are one or more basic goals or purposes that are appropriate and desirable for human life, and an action is either right or wrong depending on whether or not it promotes that goal. i. Examples of goals: achievement of happiness, conformity with the will of god, the production of pleasure, common good, etc. ii. You do something cuz it is good. 2. Deontological a. Consequences of actions are not relevant to ethical evaluations. b. An action is either right or wrong in itself depending on the conformity of its motive with moral law; it is not made right or wrong by the goodness or badness of the consequences it produces. i.
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course PHIL 103 taught by Professor Archie during the Spring '08 term at Colorado State.

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Philosophy Study Guide Number Three - Philosophy Study...

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