Chap5_09-25-07edit - 1 Chapter 5 - Self-Understanding...

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1 Chapter 5 - Self-Understanding Lecture Notes for 9/25/07 A. What is the self? 1. Reflection of the Self-concept : our knowledge about who we are 2. Cognitive representation of the self 3. East/West differences in the self-concept a. West : Independent view of self : 1. define self in terms of one’s own thoughts, feelings, actions i. Ex. I am Smart. I am funny. I am pretty b. East: Interdependent view of self: 1. define self in terms of one’s relationships with other people and their thoughts, feelings, actions i. Ex. I am a mother. I am a brother. Penn state student B. "The self is not a bowling ball" 1. System of self-schemas : a. Mental structures that people use to organize their knowledge about themselves and that influence what they notice, think about, and remember about them selves 2. One particular way of looking at the self-concept 3. Within a particular schema - a dimension on which one rates oneself will be a. High on the dimension b. Definitely not the opposite c. Important and without contradiction
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2 d. Ex. Independent : “I’m very independent, I’m definitely not dependent, and being independent is an important part of who I am” C. Actor/Observer Effect 1. Other people’s behavior is caused by traits 2. Our own behavior is caused by the situation 3. The self as more complex than other people a. We are more aware of our own complex personality traits than others’ personality traits b. Our personality traits are viewed as more varied across situations
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course PSYCH 221 taught by Professor Signorella,margar during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Chap5_09-25-07edit - 1 Chapter 5 - Self-Understanding...

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