Chap11.1 good

Chap11.1 good - Chapter 11 Prosocial Behavior Lecture Notes...

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Chapter 11 - Prosocial Behavior - Lecture Notes for 11/6/07 1 I. Basic Motives Underlying Prosocial Behavior: Why do people help? In 1982, Anne Herbert coined the phrase, "Random Acts of Kindness" Perform random kind acts for others with no intention of being repaid o Paying tolls for others o Shoveling snow for neighbors, anonymously o Scrubbing graffiti off of park benches Prosocial Acts vs. Altruism Prosocial behavior - Any act that is intended to benefit others Altruism - Any prosocial act that is without benefit to the altruist or that is done without self-interest Types & Frequencies of Helping Behaviors among College Students (McGuire, 1994) Casual Helping help w/o much i nvestmen t of your own time or resources 1. Giving directions to a stranger 2. Giving a ride a short distance Substantial Personal Helping when you DO INVEST some 1. Bringing flowers or a card to someone in need 2. Driving someone long distance 3. Visiting a sick Friend Emotional Helping when you INVEST EMOTIONAL ENERGIES 1. Listening to someone talk through their problems Emergency Helping helping someone who is in IMMEDIATE NEED 1. Taking care of someone who is sick 2. Starting a car for someone or changing their flat tire
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Chapter 11 - Prosocial Behavior - Lecture Notes for 11/6/07 2 A. Evolutionary Psychology : Instincts and Genes Basic Motives Evolutionary Psychology the attempt to explain social behavior in terms of genetic factors that evolved over time according to the principles of natural selection. Darwin recognized that altruistic behavior posed a problem for his theory: if an organism acts altruistically, it may decrease its own likelihood of surviving to pass on its genes. Evolutionary Psychology theory explains Prosocial Behavior in 3 ways
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Chap11.1 good - Chapter 11 Prosocial Behavior Lecture Notes...

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