Comm103midtermStudyGuide

Comm103midtermStudyGuide - Chapter 1- Mina Azim 1. Know the...

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Chapter 1- Mina Azim 1. Know the definition of communication and be able to identify and define its parts (managing, meaning, etc.). Communication: Process of managing messages and media for the purpose of creating meaning. Meaning: Interpretation people assign to a message – how it is recognizes or understood. Meaning for words may be personal and unique or it may be shared with others. o Ex: Spam: To a cook the word means food and to a computer technician spam is junk mail that you receive on e-mail. Media: Any means through which symbols are transmitted and meanings are represented. o Natural Media: Our everyday speaking and listening occur through the use of our own voice, gestures, and body to communicate. o Technological Media: Electronic personal digital assistants: telephones, internet, and e-mail. Managing: The handling or supervising of people or some process or material. In communication, we manage the process of creating, receiving, and responding to verbal and nonverbal messages and media. o Ex: You make a choice about performing a simple ritual such as greeting a friend. You choose if you say “hello”, hug, or wave. 2. Additionally, know the following terms: i. Messages: Words, sounds, actions, and gestures that people express to one another when they interact. Expressed verbally or nonverbally in sounds, actions, and gestures. Messages may be symbolic. ii. Symbol: Word, sound, action, or gesture that refers to something else. iii. Language: Verbal symbol system that allows us to take messages and utterances, in the form of words, and translate them into meaning. a. Ex: In the English language, we use words such as house and car to refer to physical objects and words such as love and anger to refer to our inner feelings. iv. Nonverbal symbols: Are those sounds, actions, or gestures that people agree have common meaning. Nonverbal symbols may be communicated by behaviors such as the use of eyes, posture, gestures, and the way we use space and time. a. Ex: The joining of the forefinger and thumb to signal to others that we are “OK”. 3. Know the different models of communication (information transfer, interactive, etc.) Information transfer model: Perspective adopts a one-way view of communication in which a messages sent by a source through a channel to a receiver. This perspective is a simple linear process. (Figure on pg. 8) o A source, or sender, is the original producer of the message and in human
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communication is a person. o The channel is the medium through which a message is sent. o Channels may be written, as in letters and memos oral, as in face-to-face verbal communication and telephone conversations; non-verbal, as in shared looks or raised eyebrows; or mediated, as in e-mail or video conferencing. o
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Comm103midtermStudyGuide - Chapter 1- Mina Azim 1. Know the...

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