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NY Practice-DOS - NEW YORK PRACTICE"That may be a fiction...

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N EW Y ORK P RACTICE “That may be a fiction, but it’s one the courts stand by.” P ROFESSOR K IRGIS F ALL 2001 P REPARED BY D ANIEL B. O’S ULLIVAN
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T ABLE OF C ONTENTS P ERSONAL J URISDICTION ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4 B ASIS .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 In personam ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 In Rem .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Quasi In Rem ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Matrimonial Actions .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9 N OTICE & S ERVICE OF P ROCESS ................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Summons .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 10 Affecting Service of Process ................................................................................................................................................................ 11 Proof of Service ................................................................................................................................................................................... 14 O THER L IMITATIONS .................................................................................................................................................................................... 15 D EFENDANT S A PPEARANCE ......................................................................................................................................................................... 16 S UBJECT M ATTER J URISDICTION .................................................................................................................................................................... 19 O VERVIEW OF NY C OURTS .......................................................................................................................................................................... 19 R EMOVAL .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 21 V ENUE ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22 B ASES FOR V ENUE ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 23 P ROCEDURE ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 23 S TATUTES OF L IMITATIONS ............................................................................................................................................................................ 24 A CCRUAL AND L IMITATIONS P ERIOD .............................................................................................................................................................. 25 I NTERPOSING THE C LAIM .............................................................................................................................................................................. 29 T OLLS AND E XTENSIONS .............................................................................................................................................................................. 30 C ONDITIONS P RECEDENT .............................................................................................................................................................................. 33 P LEADINGS ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 G ENERAL R ULES ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 A NSWER AND R ESPONSIVE P LEADINGS ........................................................................................................................................................... 34 V ERIFICATION AND A MENDMENTS .................................................................................................................................................................. 35 B ILL OF P ARTICULARS ................................................................................................................................................................................. 36 S COPE OF THE L ITIGATION ............................................................................................................................................................................ 37 J OINDER ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 37 I NTERPLEADER AND T HIRD P ARTY P RACTICE ................................................................................................................................................... 38 C ONTRIBUTION & S ETTLEMENT ..................................................................................................................................................................... 39 M OTION P RACTICE ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 44 S ERVICE OF P APERS ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 44 M OTIONS ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 P ARTICULAR M OTIONS ................................................................................................................................................................................. 47 Provisional Remedies .......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Motion to Dismiss ................................................................................................................................................................................ 47 Summary Judgment ............................................................................................................................................................................. 49 Default Judgments ............................................................................................................................................................................... 50 D ISCLOSURE ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 51 S COPE & E XCEPTIONS ................................................................................................................................................................................. 51 D ISCLOSURE D EVICES .................................................................................................................................................................................. 53 C OMPELLING & A VOIDING D ISCLOSURE ......................................................................................................................................................... 56 A RTICLE 78 ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 57 C ALENDAR P RACTICE .................................................................................................................................................................................... 59 A PPEALS ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 60 T RIAL .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 60 E FFECT OF J UDGMENT .................................................................................................................................................................................. 63 E NFORCING A J UDGMENT .............................................................................................................................................................................. 63 R ES J UDICATA ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 63 T ABLE OF T ABLES T ABLE 1 C OURT S TRUCTURE ......................................................................................................................................................................... 65 T ABLE 2 S ERVICE OF P ROCESS D EADLINES ..................................................................................................................................................... 66 T ABLE 3 S TATUTES OF L IMITATIONS .............................................................................................................................................................. 67 T ABLE 4 D ISCOVERY T IMING ........................................................................................................................................................................ 68 T ABLE 5 M NEMONICS ................................................................................................................................................................................... 68 2
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I. 3
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II. Personal Jurisdiction A. Basis 1. In personam a) Generally (1) In personam jurisdiction is power over the individual defendant (2) An in personam judgment is enforceable throughout the United States, and affects all assets of the defendant b) General Jurisdiction ( CPLR 301 ) (1) Generally (a) General jurisdiction allows the π to assert any claim against the . (b) These are the old common law bases for jurisdiction (c) Generally all forms of general jurisdiction will be Constitutional (no need to do minimum contacts stuff) (2) Types of General Jurisdiction (a) Presence (i) served within the state (ii) This is also known as tag jurisdiction (iii) Exceptions to Validity of tag Service: (a) Fraudulent Enticement (i) is fraudulently enticed into the jurisdiction (ii) If server gets out of hotel room, service is proper, but must be within the jurisdiction voluntarily (iii) Burden of proof is on to show that was only within the jurisdiction due to fraud of π . (iv) π can call and say they want to meet and then serve (or have attorney serve ). This is not fraudulent enticement, can always K with π that meeting is not to serve . (b) Participating in Case Within the State (i) is a witness, π , or in another case (ii) Applies to EBT’s, Trials, and Preliminary Hearings (iii) Does not apply if there is an independent basis for jurisdiction (long arm or consent).
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