PSYC 3230 Test 4 Review

PSYC 3230 Test 4 Review - Abnormal Psychology Test 4 Review...

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Abnormal Psychology Test 4 Review Chapter 8 Key Points Somatoform Disorders -a group of conditions that involve physical symptoms and complaints suggesting the presence of a medical condition but without any evidence of physical pathology to account for them Dissociative Disorders -a group of conditions involving disruptions in a person's normally integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception (people who cannot recall who they are or where they may come from, and people who have two or more distinct identities or personality states that alternately take control of the individual's behavior) Dissociation -refers to the human mind's capacity to engage in complex mental activity in channels split off from, or independent of, conscious awareness -Both types of disorders were once included with the anxiety disorders under the general rubric of neuroses Hypochondriasis -people that are preoccupied either with fears of contracting a serious disease or with the idea that they actually have such a disease even though they do not -the person is not reassured by the results of a medical evaluation; that is, the fear or idea of having a disease persists despite medical reassurance -may be the most commonly seen somatoform disorder, with a prevalence in general medical practice officially estimated at between 2 and 7 percent; occurs equally between men and women in early adulthood -often anxious and highly preoccupied with bodily functions or with minor physical abnormalities or with vague and ambiguous physical sensations -it is believed people's previous experiences with illnesses (with themselves and others) lead to the development of a set of dysfunctional assumptions about symptoms and diseases that may predispose a person to developing the disease -patients tend to look for confirming evidence and to discount evidence that they are in good health -perceive their probability of being able to cope with the illness as extremely low and see themselves as weak and unable to tolerate physical effort or exercise
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Treatments: -cognitive behavioral treatment has been found effective -certain antidepressants (SSRIs) may be effective in treating as well Somatization Disorder -characterized by many different complaints of physical ailments, over at least several years beginning before 30, that are not adequately explained by independent findings of physical
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PSYC 3230 Test 4 Review - Abnormal Psychology Test 4 Review...

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