PSYC 3230 Test 5 Review

PSYC 3230 Test 5 Review - Chapter 11 Review Personality...

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Chapter 11 Review Personality disorder – people who are unable to perform adequately at least some of the varied roles expected of them by their society - the person's enduring pattern of behavior must be pervasive and inflexible , as well as stable and of long duration ; It must also cause either clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning and be manifested in at least two of the following areas: cognition, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control - they may have difficulties developing close relationships with others or getting along with those with whom they do have close relationships - these disorders stem largely from the gradual development of inflexible and distorted personality and behavioral patterns that result in persistently maladaptive ways of perceiving, thinking about, and relating to the world - major stressful life events set the stage early in life Difficulties In Diagnosing Personality Disorders - More misdiagnoses probably occur here than in any other category of disorder; diagnostic criteria are not as sharply defined - the five-factor model has been the most influential Difficulties In Studying the Causes of Personality Disorders - Widiger and colleagues found that 85% of patients who qualified for one personality disorder diagnosis also qualified for at least one more - Some of it relies on retrospective recall of prior events, and some of it relies on observing current biological, cognitive, emotional, and interpersonal functioning; considered very tentative - Temperament is not the sole determinant of adult personality - Increasing evidence for genetic contributions to certain personality - Learning-based habit patterns and maladaptive cognitive styles have received more attention as possible causal factors - Many studies have suggested that early emotional, physical, and sexual abuse may be important factors in a subset of cases for several different personality disorders - Various kinds of social stressors, societal changes, and cultural values have also been implicated as sociocultural causal factors Categories of Personality Disorders - Cluster A: Includes paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders. People with these disorders often seem odd or eccentric, with unusual behavior ranging from distrust and suspiciousness to social detachment - Cluster B: Includes histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial, and borderline personality disorders. Individuals with these disorders share a tendency to be dramatic, emotional, and erratic. - Cluster C: Includes avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders. In contrast to the other two clusters, anxiety and fearfulness are often part of these disorders
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Paranoid Personality Disorder A. Evidence of pervasive distrust or suspiciousness of others present in at least four of the following ways: 1. Pervasive suspiciousness of being deceived, harmed, or exploited 2. Unjustified doubts about loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates
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PSYC 3230 Test 5 Review - Chapter 11 Review Personality...

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