MS 27 Session 3 Std Version new

MS 27 Session 3 Std Version new - The Beginnings of...

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The Beginnings of Professionalism Military History Lesson 06
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Debate: Standing Army vs Militia “Altho’ a large standing Army in time of Peace hath ever been considered dangerous to the liberties of a Country , yet a few Troops, under certain circumstances, are not only safe, but indispensably necessary. Fortunately our relative situation requires but few . . . . The only probable means of preventing insult or hostility for any length of time … is to put the National Militia in such condition as that they may appear truly respectable in the eyes of our friends and formidable to those who would otherwise become our enemies…” - George Washington, 1783 “It may be laid down as a primary position, and basis of our system that every Citizen who enjoys the protection of a free Government, owes not only a portion of his property , but even of his personal services to the defense of it, and consequently that the Citizens of America … should be borne on the Militia rolls .”
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Peacetime Military System The Americans were against a regular, standing Army The support for the militia system declined 1783 Congress proposed a permanent military est. Washington’s solution “Sentiments on a Peace Establishment” Small Army of regulars (2,631) would protect the land and shore Shared State and National responsibility for a well- regulated Militia - defend on the local level Federal government would supply weaponry and equipment Academies would train and instruct the forces - “… Calculated to keep alive and diffuse the knowledge of the Military Art.” Standing armies in time of peace are inconsistent with the principles of republican governments , dangerous to the liberties of a free people, and generally converted into destructive engines for establishing despotism.” Elbridge Gerry
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Military Subservient to Civilian Control “If George Washington goes back to his farm, he will be the the greatest character of his age." King George III, upon learning that Washington would not seek a third term as President George Washington resigning his commission (23 DEC 1783)
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Constitutional Military Clauses Washington’s proposal rejected… until 1787 (divide control) President would direct the military as Civilian CINC Congress shall be empowered to Call forth the Militia to Enforce Laws and Prosecute Wars Raise and support Armies/Navy Make rules for the Government and Regulation of land and Naval forces Provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the Militia and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States Appropriate monies Establish USMA in 1802, USNA 1845 under their authority to foster military science
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Citizen Militia: Advantages/Disadvantages Advantages Quick to mobilize and organize Knew local terrain advantages (guerilla force) Ensured political loyalty of people Reinforced citizenship responsibility Disadvantages
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course MS 27 taught by Professor Stokes during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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MS 27 Session 3 Std Version new - The Beginnings of...

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