MS 27 Session 2 Std Version new

MS 27 Session 2 Std Version new - w14sdtxxxx surfrider5...

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w14sdtxxxx surfrider5
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American Revolution Military History Lesson 4
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Objectives Analyze the War of American Independence from 1775-1776 as the people at war. Analyze the usefulness of viewing the American Revolution as a “Peoples War” Compare and contrast the origins of the militia system and the subsequent evolution of the Continental Army Analyze the strategies of both Great Britain and the American colonists. Identify and analyze the significance of the battles of Trenton, Bunker Hill Analyze the impact of global nature of the American Revolution on British strategic aims
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The American Struggle Context Complex, widespread, destructive, and global Second deadliest U.S. war per capita Different than limited war in mid-18th-Century Europe Fighting for people’s allegiance Both sides used militia, partisans, and simplified tactics Destruction or preservation of one state and the creation of another Brits argued to protect loyal colonists from tyranny Strategies: Intimidating, force, persuasion, enlisting loyalists Colonists hoped to win by… Not having to create a regular army 1st tried to rely on inspired citizen soldiers W/O support, commanders pursued more evasive and delaying strategies and more on the militia Learned to simplify marching and firing
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England Exerts Authority England imposed taxes to reduce debt Exerted authority through policies (including restricted expansion) Resentment built… Political organizations emerged Colonists continued to resist being controlled and taxation
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Skirmishes in Massachusetts Battle of Lexington First strategic target of British British easily defeated the ad hoc minutemen Battle of Concord Americans used Native American warfare tactics Defeated the British Increased morale of colonists Securing the Charlestown Peninsula 15,000 New England militia flocked to Boston Americans fortified this location by mounting artillery
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Battle of Bunker Hill British failed in first two attempts Received 400 fresh troops and succeeded on the third attempt British may have won the battle but they failed to meet the strategic mission Lost 44% of its forces – now weary of battle as a means (intimidation was the policy) Battle proved that an amateur militia could defeat a disciplined professional British force Nine months of quiet followed by British withdrawal in March 1776 Continental Army relocates to New York City
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Second Continental Congress 1775 – Congress convened to petition American rights Recognized deficiencies Lack of well-trained soldiers No central control over established regiments The Continental Army was formed June 1775 George Washington became Commander July 1775 Began to reform the Army (instills discipline and reorganizes) Congress and the American People became impatient with his inaction in front of Boston Washington increased Southern inclusion in ‘the cause’
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MS 27 Session 2 Std Version new - w14sdtxxxx surfrider5...

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