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Mid-Term study sheet - Chapter 1 Lanahan Articles 12-14...

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Chapter 1 Lanahan Articles 12-14 Liberty, equality, and democracy. Liberty means personal freedom and a government whose powers are limited by laws. Americans believe that the political efficacy, the belief that citizens can affect what government can do. Forms of Government Autocracy- Governed by a single individual, king or dictator. Oligarchy- Government by a few. Democracy- Participation by people. Constitutional governments- Limited by written word Authoritarian- Free of legal limits and attempt to get rid of social institutions that might limit this power. Politics- Conflict between leadership, structure, and policies of governments. Representative or republic government- The populace selects representatives. Direct Democracy- Citizens vote directly on issues. Liberty- freedom from government control Limited Government- Linked to freedom and liberty Government benefits some people but the idea of pluralism means that some people may benefit for a short time but most decisions are made for the betterment of society as a whole. Article 12 C. Wright Mills- Elites or essentially an oligarchy rules the United States. This is a three- part elite rules America corporate, political, and military leaders. This elite oligarchy derives its power from the “trusting children” of the American public. Article 13 The contemporary elite still exists but is more multi- faceted and multi- racial and multi- ethnic. Article 14 Pluralism is how America is governed. There are two different political stratums those who are involved and those who are apolitical. Those who are involved form small groups that influence policy. An important part of this article is the ease with which one can become a member of a small group and influence politics.
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Chapter 2 Lanahan Articles 1,2,8,15, 59 Declaration of Independence was a radical departure from the norm of poltical and social thought. Articles of Confederation were essentially powerless. The central government had no president or presiding officer. AOC spelled out a Congress where each state had a single vote and the only matters that they could legislate on were- power to declare war and
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Mid-Term study sheet - Chapter 1 Lanahan Articles 12-14...

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