Egypt - The Egyptians: The Gift of the Nile 1. Ancient...

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The Egyptians: The Gift of the Nile 1. Ancient Egypt: a ribbon of territories along the Nile, some 750 miles long, from the last cataracts to the Mediterranean sea. It flows from South to north and is 5 to 15 miles wide. Herodotus called Egypt the gift of the Nile and so it was. 2. It floods annually and predictably. About only 5% of Egypt was habitable in ancient times. Without the Nile, there would have been only desert. 3. From 5 000 BCE, small communities along the Nile began to domesticate the river: drain marshes, irrigate.,. plant regular crops ( grains). As the farmers grow wealthy, they need more and more pots, there is water and earth: pottery, baskets… 4. Communities coalesced into nomes organization on a larger scale. (Greek name; we don’t know how the Egyptians called them). Then formations of Upper Egypt, near the source of the Nile and Lower Egypt nearer the mouth of the Nile, into the Sea. 5.
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course RUS FSEM taught by Professor Galloway during the Fall '08 term at Hobart and William Smith Colleges.

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Egypt - The Egyptians: The Gift of the Nile 1. Ancient...

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