Chapter 4 Review Sheet

Chapter 4 Review Sheet - -Composition of natural...

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Chapter 4 Review Sheet Energy, Chemistry, and Society - Peak Oil - Hubbert’s peak oil prediction - The hydrogen economy - Fuel cells - Hydrogen Safety - Energy - Units for energy (joules, calorie, Calorie) – Convert between each. - 1 st Law of Thermodynamics - Potential and kinetic energy - Understand energy- reaction pathway diagrams (like figure 4.8). - Activation energy - Endothermic and exothermic reactions - Heat and work - Temperature and its relationship to energy - Calorimetry - Heats of combustion - Bond energies - Calculating heats of combustion using bond energies - Conversion heat of combustion units (kJ, kJ/mole, kJ/gram) - Compare Heat of Combustion Values (i.e., energy content) - Origin of fossil fuels - Types of fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, and natural gas)
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Unformatted text preview: -Composition of natural gas-Memorize first eight hydrocarbons-Composition of petroleum-Uses for crude oil-distillation-Hydrocarbon cracking-Isomerization-Isomers-Octane ratings-Tetraethyl lead, methanol, ethanol, and MTBE-Composition of coal-Effect of oxygen content on coal-Heat to work conversion (How does a power plant function?)-2 nd Law of Thermodynamics-Calculate transformation efficiency and overall plant efficiency-Celsius to Kelvin conversion-IGCC plant-Energy alternatives (renewable, biomass, nuclear, and conservation)-Element of the Day – Yttrium (Y) – 1,23-superconductor and the meissner effect...
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