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Unformatted text preview: Schlieffen Plan- naval coordination, early as 1899 by Count von Schlieffen, chief of the German General staff. Used in WW1 against French. Schlieffen knew that Germany could not wage 2 war fronts at one time so devised plan that would quickly/decisively defeat 1 opponent allowing them to attack on the other side. Plan->attack France through Neutral city of Belgium and encircle Paris in wheeling movement. At beg. of war in 1914, Germans used plans but failed due to unexpected Belgium resistance which slowed offensive and let French defeat them at Battle of Marne due partly to allied seapower which made presence of British troops possible/ USS Vincennes: 4 USS Vincennes; 1- Gun sloop of war commissioned in 1826 and was the first Navy vessel to circumnavigate the globe (sailed from NY). Under Charles Wilkes, she was the flagship for an Antartic expedition. Drafted charts for its expedition are still used today. 2 : a heavy cruiser commissioned in 1937 and lost in WWIIs Battle of Salvo Island. The 4 th , a guided missile cruiser is notorious for shooting down an Iranian airliner in 1988/ Pearl Harbor- December 7, 1941- Jap. planes, midget subs under the command of Vice Adm. Nagumo. Brought the US into war. At 6am, 6 jap. carriers launched 181 planes of torpedo bombers, dive bombers. 20 ships damaged or sunk, 188 planes destroyed, 159 damaged, 2403 dead. Jap. mistakes = didnt get all ships, no subs, didnt take out industrial things or kill all sailors/ Washington Naval Conference- (5-5-3) - Wash. Nov. 12, 1921- Feb. 6, 1922- G.B. and US allowed a battleship tonnage ratio of 5, Japan allowed a tonnage ratio of 3. This was because G.B. and US had to cover 2 oceans and Japan only had 1. Also, 10 year halt to capital ship construction was decided (capital ship being >10,000 tons and 8guns)/ London Naval Conference (10-10-7) Jan. 21, 1930- April 22, 1930- The ratio was changed to 10-10-7 and Italy and France included themselves in this. A 5 year halt on capital ship construction was agreed to, Next meeting scheduled for 1935/ Paixhans- These guns were invented by Henri Joseph Paixhans in 1823. These guns combined flat trajectory with high explosive shells like those seen in mortars and howitzers. Before this, ships had to use cannons to achieve the somewhat flat trajectory needed to have any chance of hitting the opposing ship. Paixhans developed a delaying mechanism which, for the first time, allowed shells to be fired safely in high-powered, flat-trajectory guns. The effect of explosive shells hitting wooden hulls and setting them aflame was devastating/ Battle of the Coral Sea- May, 1942, turning point in Pacific theatre, the first naval battle in history in which neither sides ships sighted each other, searching for one another for 2 days, found morning of May 8 and sent out air raids which passed each other in air. The US sank one small carrier, damaged larger one, lost 1 large carrier, and had one severely damaged/ Social Darwinism...
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course HIST 212 taught by Professor Caudell during the Spring '08 term at UNC.
- Spring '08
- The Ambassadors