Chapter 24 - Diseases of the Respiratory System *Review...

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Diseases of the Respiratory System ***Review Respiratory System anatomy; understand the structures and functions of the Upper and Lower Respiratory Tracts*** Upper Respiratory Diseases Bacterial Infections Bacterial Sinusitis- infection of the sinuses, allergic sinusitis may be a contributing factor. Often caused by various species of Streptococcus , or Haemophilus influenzae . Bacterial pharyngitis- Strep throat infections caused by Strep. pyogenes can lead to development of rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis and death. Scarlet fever- caused by a particular erythrogenic toxin producing strain causes a serious infection that may be life threatening. Otitis media- middle ear infection, usually the result of pharyngitis, affecting 85% of all children under age 3; and leading to serious hearing deficits, if untreated. Most common infections are caused by Haemophilus influenzae . Diptheria- caused by infection with Corynebacterium diptheriae, is a frequently lethal disease leading to death by asphyxiation, or damage to the heart, CNS and
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course BIOL 357 taught by Professor Kalia during the Spring '08 term at University of Louisville.

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Chapter 24 - Diseases of the Respiratory System *Review...

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