functional groups long

functional groups long - Chemical class Group Formula Acyl...

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Chemical class Group Formula Graphical Formula Prefix Suffix Example Acyl halide Haloform yl RCOX haloformyl - -oyl halide Acetyl chloride (Ethanoyl chloride) Alcohol Hydroxyl ROH hydroxy- -ol Methanol Aldehyde Aldehyde RCHO oxo- -al :Acetaldehyde (Ethanal) Alkane Alkyl RH alkyl- -ane Methane Alkene Alkenyl R 2 C=CR 2 alkenyl- -ene Ethylene (Ethene) Alkyne Alkynyl RC≡CR' alkynyl- -yne
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Acetylene (Ethyne) Amide Carboxam ide RCONR 2 carboxami do- -amide Acetamide (Ethanamide) Amines Primary amine RNH 2 amino- -amine Methylamine (Methanamine) Secondar y amine R 2 NH amino- -amine Dimethylamine Tertiary amine R 3 N amino- -amine Trimethylamine ammoniu m ion R 4 N + ammonio- -ammonium Choline Azo compoun d Azo (Diimide) RN 2 R' azo- -diazene Methyl orange
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Toluene derivative Benzyl RCH 2 C 6 H 5 RBn benzyl- 1- ( substituent )t oluene Benzyl bromide (1-Bromotoluene) Carbonate Carbonate ester ROCOOR alkyl carbonate Carboxyla t e Carboxyla te RCOO carboxy- -oate Sodium acetate (Sodium ethanoate) Carboxyli
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course CHEM 228 taught by Professor Jung during the Fall '08 term at Campbell University .

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functional groups long - Chemical class Group Formula Acyl...

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