Lecture 1 Answers - Lovedeep Ghotra Agata M 214444616 David...

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Lovedeep Ghotra Agata M 214444616 September 27, 2016 David Cohen’s Study of Law in Ancient Greece * Integrity quiz results are attached at the end of this submission 1. Identify the features of the institution of law that we take for granted today which were absent in ancient Athens In modern society, all laws that are created are written down and applied equally to all citizens in each jurisdiction. In ancient Athens, very few laws had been written and was thought of as common sense to the community. In addition to such, when cases were brought before the court, the winner of the case would mainly be influenced by the character of the person, their honor and prestige within the community rather than the facts presented within the case. They did not have the luxury of going before an unbiased judge and presenting the facts before a judge and getting a fair ruling. In most cases, since no one was forced to take an oath before testimony, there was no obligation to speak the truth, which led to witnesses lying before the court for whomever side they were on. Also, the absence of cross examining witnesses played a key role in the outcome of cases as the prosecutor was never questioned to clarify the validity of his claim. 2. Explain why “equality” always involves “emulation” (rivalry, enmity) in ancient Athens. In ancient Athens, men attempted to win the respect of others that they considered equal to them or wanted to be seen as equal. Since the culture in ancient Athens defined honor through
comparison with others, it took a form of competition and created emulation between two

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