IR 210 STUDY GUIDE VERSION 3

IR 210 STUDY GUIDE VERSION 3 - IR 210 STUDY GUIDE VERSION 3...

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IR 210 STUDY GUIDE VERSION 3 Question # 1 In modern international relations, there are 5 sectors (lenses for analysis). 1) Military- relationships of forceful coercion and the ability of actors to fight wars with each other. 2) Political- relationships of authority, governing status and recognition. 3) Economic- relationships of trade, production and finance. 4) Socio-cultural- collective identity; the transmission of ideas and value sets. 5) Environmental- the relationship between human activity and the planetary biosphere which sustains it (or not). Through these 5 sectors, units interact. Units can be defined as individual states, an organization of states, transnational organizations, tribes, corporation, international banks, etc. A process is a pattern of action and reactions that can be observed among the interacting units that make up the international system. Interaction capacity is the amount of transportation, communication and organizational capability within the unit or the system. An example would be that China has used technologies well and increased its interaction capacity. Structure is the principles by which units are arranged into a system, how units are differentiated from each other and how they stand in relation to each other in terms of relative capabilities. It is assumed that when interaction among the units is high structural effects should be strong. When it is low, structural effects should be weak. An international system must have 3 things: interaction (regular and sustained inter- unit interaction of a substantial level), pattern (either linear or honeycomb structure) and scale (will range from very small to continental to global). Prof Lynch said it is difficult to lay out the units involved, interaction capacity of and structure of the environmental sector. Here is an example: Environmental Sector Type of Unit: states, organizations acting on behalf of states (World Health Organization and World Wildlife Fund) Type of Interaction: westernization, alliances Structure: imperialistic, world society, imbalance of technological power (on the health front)
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Question # 2 a) Origins of Contemporary International Society of States a. International Society: a society of states interacting with each other in a social way (military, political, economic processes, socio-cultural on unit level); an association of member states who not only interact across international borders but also share common purposes, organizations, and standards of conduct b. Earliest records of international society: There are recorded formal agreements among ancient city-states which date as far back as 2400 BC, alliances dating to 1390 BC, and envoys as early as 653 BC c. Chronology i. 500-100 BC: Ancient Greek or Hellenic (Respublica Christiana) ii. 1300-1500: Renaissance Italian (Respublica Christiana) iii. 1500-1650: Early modern European (Peace of Westphalia) iv. 1650-1950: European-cum-Western (Peace of Westphalia) v. 1950- : Global d. Military-Political Processes
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IR 210 STUDY GUIDE VERSION 3 - IR 210 STUDY GUIDE VERSION 3...

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