IR 210 Super Midterm Guide

IR 210 Super Midterm Guide - IR 210 Super Midterm Guide...

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Unformatted text preview: IR 210 Super Midterm Guide Question 1 V.1 major difference from premodern international relations:-most rapid transformation was the scale of the European international system via seafaring that lead to global trade-hunter-gatherer bands and sedentary tribes had been marginalized in Eurasia in the ancient and classical era-empires, city-states, city-state leagues, and emerging modern states coexisted and competed with one another, but now they could not stand up the the form of modern states and tribal federations tended to be absorbed by expanding empires International Systems I From 1500, the Rise of the West transforms world history. What Preceded the Rise of the Modern State? Feudal empire (650-950) Feudal anarchy (950-1150) A feudal states-system (1150-1450) Heteronomy-Subordination or subjection to the law of another, political subjection of a community or state; -opposed to autonomy-By the end of the Middle Ages, there was a coherent international economic system-city-states had been the dominant core of economic systems-North: towns were small so they formed the Hanseatic League to protect themselves-South: towns were larger and significantly wealthier, as they tended to have monopoly over valuable Eastern and Middle Eastern items-first modern states: England, France, and Spain Essence of Modern States 1) it cultivated precise, hard boundaries rather than fuzzy frontiers, and within those boundaries it claimed sovereignty.-inside outside construction of politics: what is and is not inter state; enormous implication for communal identities (concept of 'self' and 'other') 2) It was characterized by a combination of military, extractive, administrative, redistributive, and productive organizations, governing multiple contiguous regions and their cities (so not just a city-state), and mixing capital and coercion . -i.e. extracting organization: gathering grains, drafting/conscripting soldiers-this is hard, convincing people to give their lives to the state means they have to be paid/forced/ enticed to do so-nationalism would take centuries-i.e. redistributive organization: resources like wealth and food, redistribute grains to military or those in need or famine-i.e. productive organizations: building roads and basics like such-i.e. mixing capital and coercion Capitalism: Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production are mostly privately owned, and capital is invested in the production, distribution, and other trade of goods and services for profit in a market. These include factors of production such as land and other natural resources, labor, and technology. Advantages of the Modern State 1) It lowered transaction costs and created a more predictable environment for economic actors....
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IR 210 Super Midterm Guide - IR 210 Super Midterm Guide...

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