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Enduring Visions Chapter 7 “Launching an New Republic” ReadingGuide HomeworkVocabulary and IdentificationsUsing your reading identify and explain the historic significance of thefollowing terms. If a word is not thoroughly explained in the text, use otherresources (i.e. dictionaries, websites).1. Judiciary Act of 1789-Congress managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federaldistrict court that operated according to local procedures. It established the structure and jurisdiction of the federalcourt system. It also created the position of attorney general.2. Bill of Rights-James Madison became the leading role in drafting the ten amendments (Bill of Rights). First eightamendments guarantee personal liberties. The ninth and tenth reserved to the people or the states powers notallocated to the federal government. It imposed no serious check on the framers’ nationalist objectives.3. Hamilton’s Report on Public Credit, 1790-Contained recommendations that would at once strengthen the country’scredit, enable it to defer paying its debt, and entice wealthy investors to place their capital at its service. It listed$54 million in the U.S. debt, $42 million of which was owed to Americans, and the rest to foreigners. Recommendedfederal “stock” and western lands. The report proposed that the federal government pay off the state debtsremaining from the Revolution.4. James Madison-He played the leading role in drafting the ten amendments which became known as the Bill ofRights. He tried but failed to obtain compensation for original owners who had sold their certificates. Known as“the Father of the Constitution” because of his role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United Statesand Bill of Rights.5. Strict v. Loose Interpretation of the Constitution (necessary & proper clause)Strict interpretation of the Constitutionmeant that the federal government can only do exactly what the constitution tells them to. Loose interpretationmeans that the federal government can do what benefits the country, even if the Constitution doesn’t explicitly sayit. Thomas Jefferson favored a strict interpretation of the government while Alexander Hamilton favored a looseinterpretation.

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