{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Outline 16 Mania and Depression

Outline 16 Mania and Depression - Outline 16 Affective...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Outline 16 Affective Disorders--Depression Reading for this outline: Section 18.2 of Chapter 18 "Affective Disorders: Depression and Mania" Overview o “Affect”—overall emotional state o In general, affective disorders are characterized by having moods, such as sadness or euphoria, which are extreme, abnormal and long-lasting. Depressive disorder o The most prevalent (70%) of the psychiatric diseases/disorders. o 3 major types: Unipolar depression – no mania experience Mania - Euphoria, fun, self destructive. Bipolar disorder (or manic-depression) – cycle between mania and depression. o Major characteristics Sadness, grief, hopelessness and/or elation and euphoria are intense and occur inappropriately, e.g., well beyond or in the absence of substantial triggering events o Other effects Extreme lack of self-confidence Poor ability to concentrate on anything other than the sadness Despair for the future Recurring thoughts of death and suicide Memory impairments Problems sleeping Problems with eating REM sleep disturbances—depressive patients take less time (approx 35 min) to enter the first REM sleep state than controls or those with minor depression Is the REM sleep disturbance a cause or and effect (or neither) of the depression? Brain differences?--In some depressives, frontal cortex and other areas have been found to be reduced in activity Structural differences. Difference in activity patterns. Depressed,
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}