10-26 Lecture - American Government and Politics 10/26/06...

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American Government and Politics 10/26/06 The Courts and Legal System 1. The Judicial Branch a. organization b. role 2. Supreme Court Supreme Courts Federal Courts 13 regional courts= circuit courts (6-21 judges) District Court System (Trial Courts) 94 Fed. District Courts State Court System which deal with non-federal laws (99% of all cases) State court issues can be appealed in federal court Civil Law(disputes between individuals), Criminal Law(disputes in criminal justice), Public Law(powers of government or constitutional rights) All of these things are intertwined and goes in a cycle Judges/courts have a force/power largely decided through precedent Businesses preempt the lawsuit by setting standards in safety etc. Cases shape courts and courts shape what comes out/in Supreme court makes rulings and shapes opinions about life in America (very cyclical) 1. Constitution described as the beating heart of American Politics- legal system is ground in which constitution is protected and supreme court/lower courts act as the “immune system”
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course POLI_SCI 221 taught by Professor Galvin during the Fall '07 term at Northwestern.

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10-26 Lecture - American Government and Politics 10/26/06...

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