The Economic Constraints: The Hollow Prize Problem • Population losses, which deplete tax bass and make these cities more dependent on surrounding suburbs for resources • Income disparities between these cities and their surrounding suburbs. The gap makes these cities less attractive for investment than their wealthier suburban counterparts o Loss of income in central cities, increases in suburbs accelerates suburbanization of retail jobs, leaving city dwellers isolated from entry-level job • High poverty rates, which produce a host of social problems and public service delivery inefficiencies o Low pop density with high poverty rates • Even in regions with some population growth, cities run by black mayors have shown less population growth by comparison to white mayor cities o Creates 2 kinds of economic problems Tax base depletes and high concentrated levels of poverty (need grows, resources diminishes) Make cities more dependent on suburbs for resources Political Constraints: The Hollow Prize Problem
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