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1-29 - The Policy Challenges of Political Machines Machines...

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The Policy Challenges of Political Machines Machines had to perform a careful balancing act among contradictory interests and demands to maintain their hegemonic control of local politics The success of the machines hinged on their ability to balance the contradictory demands of the middle class (retrenchment and fiscal discipline) and the immigrant working class (patronage) Early democratic machines were heavy spenders. But the spending fell as machines consolidated power. Where are the political machines? Political machines in their traditional form have virtually disappeared from city politics Machine style politics continue to flourish Have Political Machines Disappeared? Centralized, hierarchical party machinery has all but disappeared Traditional patronage has declined, especially as a result of civil service reform, limited supply, and the availability of alternative to mobility o Other avenues to mobility and increasing affluence, and welfare provision
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