review - Feudalism: A system for organizing and governing...

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Feudalism: A system for organizing and governing society based on land and service; found in Europe in the Middle Ages Liturgical Music: originated as a part of religious ceremony , and includes a number of traditions, both ancient and modern. Liturgical music is well known as a part of Catholic Mass , the Anglican Holy Communion service (or Eucharist ), the Lutheran mass, the Orthodox liturgy and other Christian services including the Divine Office . Such ceremonial music in the Judeo- Christian tradition can be traced back to both Temple and synagogue worship of the Hebrews . Devotional Music Plainchant: Monophonic unaccompanied singing of the psalms, the Ordinary, or other sacred texts. Syllabic: Melodic style with one note to each syllable of text. Neumatic: Melismatic: In music , melisma (commonly known as vocal runs or simply runs) is the technique of changing the note (pitch) of a single syllable of text while it is being sung. Music sung in this style is referred to as melismatic , as opposed to syllabic , where each syllable of text is matched to a single note. Mode: Magnus Liber Organi: The Magnus Liber or Magnus Liber Organi (Latin for "Great Book of Organum") is a compilation of the medieval music known as organum . Written during the 12th and early 13th centuries, this series of compositions is attributed to masters of the Notre Dame school of music, most notably Léonin and his successor Pérotin . The Magnus Liber represents a step in the evolution of Western music between plainchant and the intricate polyphony of the later 13th and 14th centuries (see Machaut and Ars Nova ). The music of the Magnus Liber displays a connection to the emerging Gothic style of architecture; just as ornate cathedrals were
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built to house holy relics , organa were written to elaborate Gregorian chant , which too was considered holy. Chivalry/Courtly Love: the medieval principles governing knighthood and knightly conduct; (Middle Ages) a highly conventionalized code of conduct for lovers Troubadours: A troubadour was a composer and performer of songs during the European High Middle Ages . The troubadour school or tradition began in the eleventh century in the Occitan language of southern France , but it subsequently spread throughout Italy , Spain , and Portugal . Simultaneous movements, those of the trouvère and minnesinger , sprang up in northern France and Germany . Though it lasted slightly longer in Italy and Spain than in France, the art of the troubadours declined in the late thirteenth century and died out in the thirteenth. The texts of troubadour songs deal mainly with themes of
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course ECON 201 taught by Professor Witte during the Winter '08 term at Northwestern.

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review - Feudalism: A system for organizing and governing...

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