Eadweard Muybridge - horse guy, invents machine to project images onto a screen (zoopraxiscope) Etienne Jules Marey - inspired by muybrige, bird guy, “photographic gun,” first camera to take motion pictures Lumiere Bros. - cinematographe, silent film speed 16 frames/sec, 1st film workers leaving the factory, introduced many people to cinema for the first time George Melies- built first proper film studio, did “a trip to the moon” Thomas Edison - first motion picture camera in u.s., kinetoscope and kinetograph, black maria studio in 1893, starts leasing kinetoscope in 1894, first widely used device for viewing motion pictures, in 1896 he patents his own projector, the vitascope, W.K.L. Dickson - edison’s assistant, spliced the film together, early choices influenced entire history of cinema, leaves to form biograph, formed the american mutoscope company in 1897 Edwin Porter - great train robbery, day in the life of a fireman Cecil Hepworth - among the founders of the British film industry, rescued by rover D. W. Griffith & role in developing continuity - best known as the director of the epic 1915 film The Birth of a Nation and the subsequent film Intolerance (he was the kkk guy) he was one of the early proponents of the power of editing — mastering cross-cutting to show parallel action in different locations C. B. DeMille - directed the cheat Thomas Ince - MGM, introduced early Hollywood to the "assembly line" system of filmmaking, partner with D.W. Griffith Charles Pathe - forms film company “pathe freres”, pathe becomes single largest film company in world within a few years, first vertically integrated studio Film d'Art - small french film company, films appealing to elites, basically just plays on film Early motion picture devices (before 1895) Persistence of vision - the phenomenon of the eye by which an afterimage is thought to persist for approximately one twenty-fifth of a second on the retina
“Actualites” - The Lumière Brothers in were the principal advocates for this genre and also coined the term, it is like the still photograph that is published along with a newspaper article, with the major difference being that it moves The Black Maria - edison’s film studio Cinematographe - a motion picture film camera, which also serves as a film projector and developer, lumiere brothers Kinetoscope - designed for films to be viewed by one individual at a time through a peephole viewer window at the top of the device Kinetograph - an innovative motion picture camera with rapid intermittent, or stop-and-go, film movement Nickelodian - the first type of indoor exhibition space dedicated to showing projected motion pictures. Usually set up in converted storefronts, these small, simple theaters charged five cents
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- Spring '08
- The American, Film, Film History,, motion picture camera, film studio