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1-9 - Comparative Politics Study of Politics within...

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Comparative Politics Study of Politics within countries - vs, International relations: Politics between countries Study of Politics of foreign countries - US usually excluded (but not here) Goal is to understand why things happen- causal relations Usually need to compare in order to understand this Classic Questions in Comparative Politics Why is Europe so rich/Africa poor? Why isn’t democracy in middle east but emerges in Europe? Sweden much bigger welfare state than US? Kill each other over ethnicity in Kenya? How we answer these questions Arguments - Link between cause and effect - Shows that one thing follows from another - X Y ( or more complicated versions) Also called causal inference: how do we conclude that something causes something else Types of Arguments Normative Arguments - Ethical or moral argument - Usually has word “should” - Based on values, rights, justice Positive Argument - Argument about actual state of world - Shows that this is the way things are - Answers questions “why” or “How?” -
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