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harrigan and vogel presentation

harrigan and vogel presentation - Colin Oldberg Urban...

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Colin Oldberg Urban politics Urban Sprawl – Harrigan and Vogel Chapter 8, pp 221 – 225, 233 – 250 Intro: sprawl is a distinguishing feature of American urban life. There are many factors that have created it, including zoning laws, and the reluctance of suburbanites to be ruled by local or federal governments. The Debate Over Sprawl - generally, sprawl means low-density development on the edge of existing urban development - this leads to dependence on the automobile for transportation - Americans spend an increasing amount of time waiting in traffic jams, 36 hours per year in 1999 Metropolitan vision of “unlimited low-density” development - Anthony Downs argues that urban sprawl is promoted by Americans’ belief that suburban life is ideal - He calls for a new metropolitan vision focusing on community rather than the individual, calls for 5 elements to be combated - First, Americans want their own homes - Second, Americans want their own car - Third, Americans want to work in offices with parking lots - Fourth, Americans want live in small communities and take part in government - Fifth, Americans want to live without signs of poverty, which leads to the construction of subsidized housing in areas like inner cities Problems with the vision of unlimited sprawl - excessive travel, results from the separation of home and work, leads to more money spent in households and by government on transportation - lack of affordable housing in the suburbs, leads to lack of lower-class work force and concentrated poverty in inner cities - financing infrastructure fairly, including new schools, roads, sewage, etc. Generally, older suburbanites don’t want to pay for newcomers, so general- obligation bonds are usually voted down, and the necessary infrastructure is not built - suburbs don’t want locally undesirable land uses (lulu’s) to be built in their cities (airports, garbage incinerators, expressways, etc.) - there is a failure to make those people pay who generate significant social costs (someone who commutes all the time) - there is too much open space used for suburban growth Neglected facts, page 233 Distinctiveness of Suburban Politics - growth of suburbia has created a much different kind of politics than inner cities
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The politics of autonomy - Suburban life combines a small local government with the advantages of metropolitan facilities - Because of monstrous growth, the politics and government of the metropolis have become multi-centered The politics of growth -
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