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Hist 1015 Book Report

Hist 1015 Book Report - 1 Sean Faulk Book Response Essay 2...

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Sean Faulk Book Response Essay # 2 Hist 1015- 002 The Beginnings of America: Jamestown and Plymouth “Early America was littered with European failures- the Spanish in the Florida, the French at Fort Caroline, and the English at Baffin Island, Roanoke, and Sagadahoc” (Horn, 290). Yet, despite all the pervious disasters, two colonies would begin to find a permanent place on the soil of this New World. James Horn painstakingly chronicled the tribulations of the first English settlement of Jamestown in his book A Land As God Made It ; while Nathaniel Philbrick introduced us to the intricate and mesmerizing story of the formation of the Plymouth settlement in his novel the Mayflower . Oddly enough; despite their relative distant and their differences in their reasons for colonizing, these novels show us that these colonies both faced similar situations with the Indians and both of the private companies that funded these explorations went belly up. Both the separatists of New England and the first English settlement of Jamestown had mixed relations with the Indians. Both colonies had their moments of friendliness and of trade; however, this partnership was only really spurred on by the fact that without the provisions gained from this relationship both colonies most likely would have perished. Horn detailed this dependence by providing a quote from John Smith the enigmatic leader of the Jamestown settlement, “If they sought to destroy the Indians they would starve: ‘Then by their losse’, Smith wrote, ‘we should have lost ourselves.’” (Horn, 127). The Pilgrims faced a much easier situation, however, as they did not 1
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constantly have their numbers dwindle from Indian raids like the Jamestown settlement. This was because they not only had trade partners they had an Indian chief that was essentially ready to answer to their every beck and call. While, John Smith was being kidnapped, the Pilgrims were fostering an important relationship with an Indian Chief named Massasoit. On a tip from Massasoit; the military leader of the Pilgrims Myles Standish brutally killed a rival Indian leader of Massasoit. This action effectively placed him as the leader of the area and secured the Pilgrims safety from the Massachusett tribe that wished to eradicate the English threat (they remained safe until King Phillip’s war).
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