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Running Head: Socio-Cultural Influences1Socio-Cultural Influences on SexualityMegan MejiaBaker College
Sexuality2What is the definition of sociocultural influences? The theory of sociocultural or social constructionism suggests that sexual identities and experiences are developed, influenced, and changed by an ever-changing social environment (Greenberg, Bruess, & Haffner, 2004). Human sexuality is influenced by several sociocultural aspects which includes the role of expectations for sexual behavior by society and its culture. Sociocultural influences also affect gender identity,gender role, stereotypes, and bias of genders.The aspect of human sexuality regarding sexual behavior is influenced by the expectations of society and its culture in various ways. The factors that contribute to society’s expectations of sexual behavior may include but are not limited to religion, family, and community (Gordon-Simons & Blyskal-Tamling, 2012).The religion of Judaism believes that a male should be circumcised. The circumcision of males have been a ritual within the religion of Judaism for over 3,000 years (BBC, 2009). An individual’s family usually plays a significant role in sexual behavior. A family servesas the primary agent of socialization and social control for children. The structure of the family may also influence the sexual behavior of a child. This may depend on whether the child was raised in a single parent household versus a two parent household. The style of parenting also plays a contributing factor in a child’s sexual behaviors (Gordon-Simons & Blyskal-Tamling, 2012). An individual may be also influenced by its community which includes peer groups, schools, and media. A person’s peer group may influence sexual behavior by encouraging sexual acts or the act of abstinence. Schools contribute to sexual behaviors by teaching sexual educationto a person. The media contributes to the sexual behaviors of an individual by portraying images
Sexuality3of sexual acts which can influence a person to make a decision based on a particular portrayal (Gordon-Simons & Blyskal-Tamling, 2012).